Rock in Rio USA Music Festival Could Reap $450,000 From Cashless Wristbands

The numbers are in from the inaugural Rock in Rio USA music festival, and at least one of those numbers is mind-blowing.

We’re not talking about the attendance numbers, unfortunately. While the estimated attendance of 130,000 people over two weekends (festival officials say it was 172,000), that number is a fraction of what Rock in Rio USA originally projected. The event venue, City of Rock, has a capacity of 80,000 people per day.

No, the truly staggering number is the amount of money the festival will make from its use of “Rock Cash,” the festival’s cashless payment system.

In essence, festival organizers partnered with a company called Intellitix to turn RFID wristbands into scannable debit cards. Festival-goers loaded up their wristbands with cash before attending the event, or at kiosks called “Top-Up” stations inside the City of Rock site.

Rock in Rio USA wristband

Lots of music festivals use wristbands for entry, but Rock in Rio USA also used them as a form of payment. Key point: The only form of payment.

Every vendor inside Rock in Rio USA used the cashless wristbands, so if you wanted to purchase food, drinks or merchandise, you had to use your wristband. If the balance on your wristband ran out, you could refill it with more money.

Organizers touted the convenience of the cashless system and, less overtly, Intellitix trumpeted the fact festival-goers using such wristbands tend to spend 15-30% more than they would using cash.

But here’s the thing. Virtually everyone using the cashless wristband had a balance remaining, large or small, when the festival ended. That balance could be refunded, but a fee of $3.50 would be charged.

This inspired us to do some math. And we don’t even like math.

Say attendance was 130,000 (a number believed to be more accurate than the official number by the Las Vegas Metrolitan Police Department and other observers, including this Las Vegas blog), and say half those people requested refunds of their Rock Cash at $3.50 a pop. That’s $227,500 in fees. The other half wouldn’t request a refund because their balance was less than $3.50. If we calculate voluntarily “surrendered” balances based on half that amount, or $1.75, that’s an additional $113,750.

That puts Rock in Rio USA’s windfall from fees and surrendered Rock Cash at $341,250.

Rock in Rio USA wristband code

Each Rock in Rio USA wristband had a unique code. The code was inscribed in tiny print to assure no one over 50 years old would be encouraged to attend Rock in Rio USA.

That’s a lot, but let’s say the organizer’s number of attendees, 172,000, is correct.

That works out to be $301,000 in refund fees and $150,500 in voluntarily surrendered balances, for a total of a whopping $451,500. In other words, a nearly half-a-million dollar windfall.

There are some mitigating factors, of course. First, it’s possible a portion of those in attendance didn’t use the cashless payment system. That would be understandable given the long waits at the Top-Up kiosks. Also, kids were invited to attend, and it’s unlikely they’d have funds on their wristbands. It’s one of the benefits of being a kid. Freeloaders.

Rock in Rio Top-Up station

Rock in Rio USA’s Top-Up stations were a great place to meet people. And get married and have kids and grow old together.

We should also say there’s no way to know what the average amount of “surrendered” or un-refunded Rock Cash was. We just took $3.50 and split it down the middle. We are a blog, not a supercomputer.

It goes without saying the cashless wristband system has a lot of built-in costs, so the dollar amounts we mention aren’t profit, per se. Purchasing the RFID wristbands is expensive, and the kiosks and back-end costs are higher than you’d think.

Still, Rock in Rio USA did all right with its cashless wristbands. Ticket prices of $300 per weekend ($500 VIP) helped the bottom line a lot, too. And don’t even get us started on the 24-ounce cans of Corona for $13.

Nobody outside Rock in Rio USA knows if the festival made a profit in its Las Vegas debut, but the cashless wristband system certainly didn’t hurt its chances of being in the black.


16 thoughts on “Rock in Rio USA Music Festival Could Reap $450,000 From Cashless Wristbands

  1. Rooster

    Not sure if Nevada is one of them, but most states have escheat laws. This means any balance left on the wristband would have to be surrendered to the state, and theoretically you could get your $1.75 back from the state without paying a fee.

    1. Steven Brown

      Depending upon ones’ interpretations of NRS 598.0921 and Nev. Rev. Stat. §120A.520, they potentially covers these wristbands, and those with balances left should have a certain amount of time to cash out their remaining value without the value being deemed “abandoned”. To me, these wristbands are just like gift cards and the laws regarding gift cards should apply to the wristbands.

      1. Scott Roeben

        Thanks, Steven. Didn’t mean to imply those remaining balances were involuntarily surrendered. I meant that if someone has a balance of $3.50 or less, they’d let it go because the fee is more than what they’d get back.

  2. Dean

    Don’t forget the fee charged each time to load the bracelet. That has to amount to another $500,000 or so for Rock n Rio

  3. UTAH Bill

    Still waiting to get my refund. They don’t make it easy. Next time I won’t load up a bracelet and buy things onsite.


    It never ceases to amaze me how tolerant the general American public has become in being screwed.


    The whole Rock in Rio thing just never felt right to me. The location was bad, the lack of parking for a festival capable of hold 80K per day was damn near criminal. The lineup (at least for the rock weekend) of washed up 90’s acts (surprised Bon Jovi and Bush didn’t show up) was a huge let down, and now the sleazy “wristband only” payment system that’s a clear ripoff.

    I’m a loyal MGM patron through Mlife but damned if I didn’t lose some respect for them with this. I’m willing to allow them some 1st year growing pains, but they better get this thing properly sussed out before next year for a LOT of people (myself included) to consider attending.

    1. Scott Roeben

      Great points. Don’t hold your breath for another installment. They’ll come up with a B.S. reason, but it’s sounding like it won’t be back. The festival isn’t entirely on speaking terms with MGM, and the implications for the festival’s vendors is in question.

  6. chrisfromVA

    It was an obvious failure. Tickets were 300$ for a weekend before the acts were announced, I bought a pair as an investment thinking the line up would be on par with the overseas rock in rio’s. Yet the weeks leading up the the festival, M Life was emailing me offering tickets for 199$ each, and then the few days before hand down to 169$. So pre-ordering tickets cost me 260$ more. Luckily I was able to sell the tickets for 200$ each, so I still lost money, but not as much as I could have.

    1. Scott Roeben

      Sorry to hear about your experience. It was clusterful in many ways people saw, but in many ways people haven’t yet. Local media is helping gloss over what really happened, but more details should come to light soon.


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